||The learning of reusable action components of a task from human demonstrations is useful for various robotic applications, such as imitation learning.
In this project, we present a novel activity grammar learning method capable of
learning reusable task components from a reasonably small number of samples
under noisy conditions.
Our linguistic approach aims to extract the hierarchical structures of actions
which can be recursively applied to help recognize unforeseen, more complicated tasks
that share the same task components.
Search for frequently occurring
that are subset of input samples to effectively discover the hierarchy.
2) Explicitly take
into account the uncertainty values associated
with input symbols due to the ambiguity inherent in low-level detectors.
Experiment: The Towers of Hanoi
||Training: Learn an activity grammar from each human demonstrator solving the puzzle using only 2 and 3 disks, repeated 3 times each, using our stochastic grammar learning method.
Testing: Imitate a human demonstrator
solving the puzzle using 4 disks which requires a much longer sequence of actions.
Observed actions are parsed using learned activity grammar and corrected if inconsistent.
Imitation is successful only if the puzzle is solved after executing parsed symbols.
Based on the learned model,
contextually inconsistent actions (detection error) are corrected. For
example, if a disk was observed as being lifted without dropping first,
a droppnig action is added before lifting in the parsing stage. Pure
imitation simply follows what has been observed without considering
constraints. Please see the following video to see an example.
our method in low (L: indoor) and high (H: sunlight) noise conditions:
LL, LH: Train on L, Test on L and H, resp.
HL,HH: Train on H, Test on L and H, resp.
The left graph shows the average success rate from 75 evaluations on
each scenario. Note that single execution error of over 40 actions is
considered failure which makes this experiment non-trivial.